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Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis (HTMA) - Hair Testing

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Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis (HTMA) - Hair Testing

Hair Testing is a reliable method of seeing mineral and toxic metals excretions. 
All hair orders require a Practitioner to receive the results. Hair test consultation are available with us.
Contact us to learn more!

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Order A Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis and Heavy Metal Test here

Read more about Copper Toxicity

Listen to a podcast by Dr. Rick Malter, Author of "The Strands of Health" on Hair Analysis


About Toxic Metals
About This HTMA Testing: A Mineral Blueprint

Why Use Hair Testing
Copper Toxicity and Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis About Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis (HTMA)
Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis Testing Procedures

Issues Relate To Mineral Imbalance
Tips On Hair Mineral and Heavy Metal  Levels

Videos To Watch:
How To Take A Hair Sample
Getting Your Hair Sample for Mineral Analysis
What Is Hair Analysis? How Is It Different from Other Tests?
Nutritional Balancing "Four Low's Pattern" in HTMA: Case Study
Hair Mineral Analysis for Homeopaths


"Mineral deficiencies are responsible for a host of health problems, which are incorrectly treated by drugs.
We're told by the government and the medical community that we should be ingesting certain amounts of vitamin and mineral supplements to prevent disease, like osteoporosis,
when in reality, the recommendations lead to other very serious health problems."
Dr. Robert Thompson

About Toxic Metals and Hair Testing

Download Information About Toxic Metals and Hair Analysis

  1. Toxic metals, no matter which ones, are not selective as far as where, or how they can be detected.

  2. Mercury amalgams as well as mercury found in fish, or other sources of contamination can be found in the blood, hair, and in urine, using a urine challenge test.

  3. Toxic metals do not always show up on a hair analysis test on the first test.

  4. Depending on the state of your body's energy levels, it may take several tests before the toxic metals show up in the hair.

  5. Blood tests, unless the contamination is recent within a week or so, or unless it is a continuously occurring contamination, will not indicate the presence of toxic metals.

  6. Once a toxic metal leaves the blood, it is then either eliminated or stored in other organs and tissues of the body.

About Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis (HTMA) Test: Mineral Blueprint

  • Hair tissue mineral analysis (HTMA) is a screening test for the level of 20 minerals and toxic metals in a sample of hair.

  • Hair tissue mineral analysis (HTMA) provides a mineral blueprint of one's biochemistry. It will provide pertinent information about one's metabolic rate, energy levels, sugar and carbohydrate tolerance, stage of stress, immune system and glandular activity.

  • It is a tissue mineral biopsy that is non-invasive, relatively inexpensive and extremely accurate. The laboratories we use in the USA (Analytical Research Labs and Trace Elements). Both labs have the most advanced and sophisticated instrumentation available  to assess mineral levels in parts per million or parts per billion.

  • Hair tissue mineral analysis (HTMA) is considered a standard test used around the world for the biological monitoring of trace elements and toxic metals in humans and animals species. This is the same technology that is used for soil testing and testing of rock samples to detect mineral levels.

  • Hair, like all other body tissues, contains minerals that are deposited as the hair grows. Although the hair is dead, the minerals remain as the hair continues to grow out.

  • A sample of hair cut close to the scalp provides information about the mineral activity in the hair that took place over the past three to four months, depending on the rate of hair growth.

Why Use Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis (HTMA) For Accurate Understanding Of Mineral Imbalances

  • There is a huge importance of looking at the bigger picture, and not just one mineral level in isolation. 

  • The hair reflects the tissue level, which is what we want to know in terms of our minerals status.

  • Hair is a a form of soft tissue and provides a great window into what is happening inside the body at the tissue level.

  • If we want to know the stored tissue level, blood tests and urine tests are not the answer. They can provide a secondary source of information however.

  • An inch or so of hair taken closest to the scalp provides approximately a three-month window into the mineral and metal status of the body. Hair is not prone to the hour to hour fluctuations that affect the blood reading.

  • Another major advantage that Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis (HTMA) offers is data on the key ratios between mineral pairs as determined through the exhaustive research in the 1970's and 80's by Dr. Eck and Dr. Watts, the pioneers of the science of nutritional balancing.

  • When it comes to rebalancing minerals, or assessing mineral status, looking at any one mineral level in isolation explains very little. 

    • If the hair chart shows high magnesium, is it really high?

    • Not necessarily, as stress depletes magnesium and most people are magnesium deficient.

    • If we look at the ratio between sodium (Na) and potassium (K), known as the stress ratio, and we see a high Na/K ratio, we know that the individual is under a lot of stress.

    • The high magnesium level is representing an intracellular loss of magnesium which shows up high in the hair but indicates magnesium deficiency.

Copper Toxicity and Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis (HTMA) - Read more about Copper Toxicity

  • We MUST look at what is happening with the other mineral levels and ratios in order to determine copper status and for the correction of copper.

  • Hidden copper toxicity occurs when high levels of copper are stored in various body tissues but have not yet been released to show up in the hair.  

  • A copper toxic individual can have either high (overt) copper showing up in the hair, or may have low (hidden or latent) copper.

  • For example, when copper appears low in the HTMA, we look at other key indicators such as a high calcium, low potassium, (a Ca/K ratio over 10), low molybdenum (<.003), low Na/K, and a number of other levels and ratios to understand what is really happening with copper.

  • If you look at a graph and see at a low copper level and suggest the client needs to consume more copper, doing so would would greatly compound the problem

  • You must have a trained Homeopath or Practitioner who understands these various HTMA markers and can professionally guide you with homeopathy and nutrients to balance the key issues shown in the hair test.

  • Tests are also repeated about every 4 - 6 months to see how things are shifting in addition to monthly monitoring of symptoms.

Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis (HTMA) Testing Procedures


Order Hair Tests here:

This test includes the entire mineral assay test provided in plus a thorough written interpretative work-up that lists trends, provides a detailed written report with explanation of the results. It also gives vitamin and mineral supplement recommendations and compares significant mineral ratios.

About Hair Testing Labs That Do NOT Wash Hair Before Testing It

  • An inch or so of hair taken closest to the scalp provides approximately a three-month window into the mineral and metal status of the body. Hair is not prone to the hour to hour fluctuations that affect the blood reading.

  • The best labs do NOT wash the hair first before testing. Washing hair samples at the laboratory has been shown to erratically wash out the water-soluble elements. This creates much less accurate results. In a 2001 study in the Journal of the AMA (Seidel, S. et al., Assessment of Commercial Laboratories Performing Hair Mineral Analysis, JAMA, 285(1) Jan 3:67-72.) the two laboratories that did not wash the hair, of which we were one, showed superb reliability.

  • The best labs use technologically advanced testing instruments and have high laboratory quality control procedures. These include known controls which are tested at the beginning, middle and end of every batch of hair samples to insure the accuracy of the results.

  • The best labs will automatically retest any reading that is out of a normally expected range, provided sufficient hair is available for a second sample.

  • Test results are printed on an easy-to-read graph, unlike many of the other laboratories. The printed graph includes the mineral results, major mineral ratios and the oxidation type.

  • The complete individualized test interpretation report includes information related to one's metabolic rate, energy levels, sugar and carbohydrate tolerance, immune system, autonomic balance, glandular activity and metabolic trends, a personal dietary supplement program, basic diet recommendations and other information that can be inferred from the test results.

The Many Conditions That Are Affected By A Mineral Imbalances
Excerpts below from

Hair testing provides detailed information on the essential minerals and toxic metals. Many conditions are affected by mineral imbalances! Toxic metals are also an additional source of many physical and mental problems.

  • ADHD
    Significant accumulations of heavy metals (especially lead, mercury, aluminum, and cadmium)  and/or excess copper are found in the profiles of many ADD/ADHD children and adolescents.  Additionally, significant imbalances in the essential nutrients involved in glucose regulation and cellular energy production are another factor. (Since most ADHD individuals have adrenal impairment, stimulant drugs 'seem' to work by boosting neuropsychological functioning, but this only further wears down the adrenals, making the same dose less and less effective.) 

  • Adrenal Health & Energy
    The balance between sodium and magnesium indicates the strength or insufficiency of the adrenal glands. When the adrenals are activated, sodium rises.  High sodium and potassium, especially relative to calcium and magnesium, indicate high adrenal activity. A low sodium level (a reflection of aldosterone) indicates exhausted adrenals.  High levels of bio-unavailable copper will also exhaust the adrenals. With exhausted adrenals, the body will constantly feel fatigued and, in turn, many other physical and psychological conditions may develop.  Improving adrenal performance is a key focus of mineral balancing. Copper also plays a large factor in those with chronic fatigue due to copper's role in ATP energy production.  "By balancing the minerals, you can increase your ability to release energy from foods. And you can increase your cell's ability to utilize that food energy to produce human energy." ~ Dr. Eck

  • Alzheimer's
    Though the Alzheimer's Association as of 2017 has yet to publicly make the connection in their literature, I would suggest excess copper plays an important role.  As I explain in more detail at the bottom of this page, consider the following: Copper antagonizes zinc, and zinc deprivation causes cell death in the hippocampus, where memories are recorded. “In Alzheimer's disease, the hippocampus is one of the first regions of the brain to be affected, leading to the confusion and loss of memory so commonly seen in the early stages of the disease.” ~Dr. Ananya Mandal.   At the same time, excess copper causes neuronal toxicity while zinc deficiency causes neuronal damage [source].  Alzheimer’s is characterized by degeneration and/or trauma of neuronal structures [source].  Dr. Rashid Dean, PhD, a research professor in the University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) Department of Neurosurgery, has shown in that over time, copper’s cumulative effect is to impair the systems by which amyloid beta is removed from the brain.  Amyloid beta is a main component of the amyloid plaques found in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients”.  The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences journal concluded in 2013 that Copper appears to be one of the main environmental factors that trigger the onset and enhance the progression of Alzheimer’s disease by preventing the clearance and accelerating the accumulation of toxic proteins in the brain.

  • Anemia
    Iron deficient anemia can develop as a result of bio-unavailable copper. With a deficiency in available copper, iron will build up in storage areas and also become bio-unavailable, leading to anemia. The answer is usually NOT taking more iron, but rather making copper bio-available. Also, low HCl in the gut impairs iron absorption, and most Slow Metabolizers (around 80% of the population) are HCl deficient. The focus should not be on taking extra iron, but making iron more absorbable and available.

  • Anxiety
    A high level of copper is a major contributor to anxiety. Also, those with low tissue calcium and magnesium, as well as those with a high sodium to potassium ratio are also more prone to feeling anxiety. 

  • Arteriosclerosis
    Insufficient magnesium relative to calcium will increase the tendency for calcium deposition in the arteries. This Ca/Mg ratio is often missed in conventional testing but is easily seen through HTMA.

  • Bi-Polar 
    A mineral pattern showing a high level of calcium to potassium along with a high sodium to potassium ratio, a low calcium to magnesium ratio, and a high level of copper often creates a "pseudo-bipolar" condition that can be ameliorated through the adjustment of minerals.  Copper's stimulatory effect can cause fluctuations between manic and depressive conditions.

  • Blood Sugar 
    As calcium releases insulin from the pancreas and magnesium prevents insulin release, a high level of calcium relative to magnesium leads to increased insulin secretion, and a tendency for hypoglycaemia.

  • Brain Fog 
    Brain fog is a common occurrence of liver toxicity (as copper and other toxins build up in the liver)…among other factors.

  • Cardiovascular disorders 
    Low copper relative to zinc allows an increase in LDL and a decrease in HDL.  This imbalance can lead to hardening of the arteries, regardless of the total serum cholesterol or triglyceride levels.  A low level of magnesium is also a major contributor to heart attacks. In fact, as stated by Dr. Andrea Rosanoff, Ph.D, (co-author of The Magnesium Factor), "the most important marker for impending heart disease is a low magnesium to calcium ratio in the cells."  Excess calcium (which excess copper and/or stress can contribute to), especially relative to magnesium, increases soft tissue calcification, arterial plaque and atherosclerosis (which then increases risk of heart attack). Yes...all that calcium you're being told to consume and supplement may actually be increasing your risk one day of heart and stroke (source)!  While this calcium/magnesium imbalance would be very difficult to ascertain through blood testing, through HTMA we get a clear view.

  • Chronic Fatigue 
    See adrenal health and energy

  • Depression 
    A high level of copper and calcium, and especially high calcium relative to magnesium, along with the natural effect of depleted or weakened adrenals, are all major contributing factors to depression.  The more apparent this slow oxidation mineral pattern, the more likely depression is to develop.

    Since excess copper may affect MAO and serotonin levels, many young women in particular are at increased risk of depression as they enter puberty due to their increasing estrogen raising the retention of copper.  (Copper toxicity incidentally depletes zinc, copper and vitamin B6, three nutrients essential for serotonin production (our happy hormone), further increasing a shift toward depression).  This underscores the importance of assessing mineral levels (and detoxing excess copper) before adolescence which in turn can then help lessen the risk of depression and other psychological disorders for young women. 

  • Digestive Issues / Candida / Yeast 
    A high level of copper can impair digestion and bowel motility resulting in gas and bloating.  Furthermore, copper is a natural fungicide.  When the copper level becomes too high it becomes bio-unavailable  (creating a deficiency condition), and with this deficiency in bio-available copper, yeast and candida are allowed to flourish.  Meanwhile copper lowers zinc. When zinc is low, digestive enzyme, HCL, and bile production become impaired.   Deficiency of zinc also increases the permeability of the gut lining, potentially opening the door to leaky gut.  When protein synthesis is low (a result of low phosphorus), digestion is further impaired. Low potassium will also lead to reduced HCL secretion, further impairing digestion, mineral absorption, digestive enzyme production, and ultimately creating a breeding ground for pathogens.

  • Emotional Apathy & Relationship Withdrawal  
    s explained by Dr Eck in the 1985 book 'Energy', adrenal exhaustion (low sodium and potassium) creates a tendency for a person to withdraw from romantic relationships. Physiologically, sex and romance are forced to be put on hold for the survival of the body.  The person may seek out new partnerships, careers, and life changes during this time as doing so is a way to 'stimulate' their otherwise depleted body. If burnout is paired with a current stressful event or a past traumatic experience, a calcium shell is likely to form. This high level of calcium (which copper toxicity contributes to) effectively blocks emotions and deadens feelings as a means of protecting the body/mind from stress overwhelm).  A lot of relationships fall victim to this powerful mineral imbalance, causing one partner to withdraw as they no longer feel for their partner, believing the relationship to be the problem rather than an underlying mineral imbalance. The low Na/K reflecting exhaustion can also create a high suppression of emotion, even though the individual may not acknowledge it. The same is also true with high levels of copper toxicity which can create the numbing calcium shell effect while also reducing zinc and in turn lowering NGF which is directly related to the intensity of romantic feelings. 

  • Heartburn
    Though we're 'taught' to take a TUMS or antacid for relief, the cause is actually a deficiency of stomach acid which impairs the ability to properly digest food. The antacid offers short term relief at the cost of making the condition worse long term. Sodium, potassium and zinc levels provide great indicators of stomach acid production, and with heartburn, a deficiency of these levels can be expected. 

  • Hyperactivity
    Excess levels of toxic metals such as cadmium, mercury, and lead, along with accumulations of copper, iron, or manganese are often seen in children with hyperactivity. 

  • Immune Function 
    A low zinc level is just one key factor that will impair the body's immune system

  • Inflammation 
    High sodium to potassium over a long time leads to chronic inflammation.  The potassium level reflects glucocorticoid activity, and so a low potassium level may be a warning of an inflammatory process in the body.

  • Insomnia 
    Commonly results as a sign of liver overload or adrenal exhaustion, the status of both being evidenced through HTMA. Vitamin C deficiency (common as the copper level goes too high) impairs serotonin production, also leading to insomnia. 

  • Kidney & Liver Function 
    A high sodium to potassium ratio can lead to kidney and liver dysfunction. A high level of copper (or any toxic metal for that matter) can also overload the liver.

  • Muscle Mass 
    Any bodybuilder knows the importance of protein for building muscle.  A high phosphorus level indicates rapid protein breakdown, while a low phosphorus level indicates inadequate protein synthesis and tissue breakdown.  Healthy production of HCL
    (hydrochloric acid) (which we can infer the need for through the HTMA status of potassium, sodium, and zinc) boosts muscle protein synthesis, which in turn improves growth and training effectiveness.  (Incidentally, if you're seeing some unwanted fat around the waist, that HCL (hydrochloric acid) will also support the liver to produce bile which in turn will help in the breakdown of fat). 

  • Muscle Tightness and Twitches 
    This is often a sign of magnesium and/or potassium deficiency

  • Osteoporosis
    Though most people understand that calcium is important for preventing osteoporosis, what many aren't told is that too much calcium relative to magnesium and other essential minerals will actually increase the risk for osteoporosis.  Adequate magnesium is required for calcium to be deposited in the bone.  Yet, women especially are being pushed by doctors and media messages to take more and more calcium, and a large portion of packaged food in the grocery store is 'fortified' with calcium.  Consider the insanity of loading up on all this calcium without first understanding your magnesium level and ensuring adequacy in other nutrients. Without doing so, your risk of osteoporosis is actually increasing!  It's a fact that women in western countries have among the highest osteoporosis rates in the world, even though they are one of the world's highest consumers of calcium!  We can compare that to Peruvian and Japanese women who consume a much higher ratio of magnesium to calcium, and yet have extremely low rates of osteoporosis. Numerous Western studies also show that those who consume more calcium from dairy have higher risks of fractures.  For most people, and women especially, adding excess calcium will not only increase their risk of osteoporosis, but will also slow metabolism and exacerbate tendencies toward hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency, and accumulation of toxic metals.  

  • PMS Symptoms 
    One of the many negative effects of excess copper are heightened PMS type symptoms. In part, copper increases sodium retention which aggravates PMS symptom, while also antagonizing zinc and and B6, two nutrients which can help reduce PMS symptoms. (The PMS reactions of moodiness and irritability, though typically associated with estrogen, is moreso estrogen's effect on the mineral pattern, specifically - as estrogen increases it in turn increases copper retention). 

  • Schizophrenia & Paranoia 
    It’s well known that neurotransmitters affect psychiatric conditions, and we can’t ignore that nutrients affect neurotransmitters. Excess copper for example will decrease dopamine and raise norepenephrine, and this imbalance can be one of the causes behind schizophrenia and paranoia (and other mental health conditions as well). On top of copper’s role in affecting neurotransmitter levels, copper toxicity also impairs the functioning of the neocortex. Displays of paranoia are relatively common in cases of extreme copper toxicity and especially if copper is mobilized (dumped) too quickly. This is why HTMA guidance is so important when detoxing copper, and it’s time the mental health community starts acknowledging this important mineral connection rather than simply treating patients with dangerous psychotropic drugs. 

  • Skin Conditions (such as eczema, psoriasis, acne) 
    As copper (and other toxic metals) build up they can clog the lymph system which leads to toxins breaking out through the skin.  ​Zinc deficiency may also show up via the skin in the form of psoriasis or eczema.

  • Stress Intolerance 
    During the alarm stage of stress, the increase in aldosterone production raises sodium over potassium, while potassium is lost through the urine. With high Na/K the person can be easily overwhelmed by the slightest stress or irritation and over-react.  This response can by-pass higher cortical intellectual functions, making it more difficult to counsel the individual about their reactions.  Balancing the Na/K will allow the person to better control their emotions and awareness.  

    • Stress left uncorrected will deplete magnesium and zinc and eventually exhaust the body's adrenals and both sodium and potassium plummet as a result.  Proper interpretation of HTMA provides an excellent look at one's "stress profile" along with the effects that stress (internal or external) is having on their system.

    • During the alarm stage of stress, the increase in aldosterone production raises sodium over potassium, while potassium is lost through the urine. With high Na/K the person can be easily overwhelmed by the slightest stress or irritation and over-react. 

    • This response can by-pass higher cortical intellectual functions, making it more difficult to counsel the individual about their reactions.  Balancing the Na/K will allow the person to better control their emotions and awareness.  Stress left uncorrected will deplete magnesium and zinc and eventually exhaust the body's adrenals and both sodium and potassium plummet as a result. 

    • Proper interpretation of HTMA provides an excellent look at one's "stress profile" along with the effects that stress (internal or external) is having on their system.

    • During the alarm stage of stress, the increase in aldosterone production raises sodium over potassium, while potassium is lost through the urine. With high Na/K the person can be easily overwhelmed by the slightest stress or irritation and over-react.  This response can by-pass higher cortical intellectual functions, making it more difficult to counsel the individual about their reactions. 

    • Balancing the Na/K will allow the person to better control their emotions and awareness.  Stress left uncorrected will deplete magnesium and zinc and eventually exhaust the body's adrenals and both sodium and potassium plummet as a result.  Proper interpretation of HTMA provides an excellent look at one's "stress profile" along with the effects that stress (internal or external) is having on their system.

  • Thyroid Health & Weight 
    Calcium slows down the thyroid while potassium speeds it up. Potassium is required to sensitize the cells to Thyroid hormone, while Calcium blocks the absorption and transfer of all hormones and nutrients into the cell. The balance between calcium and potassium is a great indicator of the efficiency of the thyroid gland, which can in turn lead to both energy and weight challenges. Excess calcium also slows metabolism, which in turn can also lead to weight struggles. 

Quick Tips On Hair Mineral and Heavy Metal Levels That Show Up In HTMA Testing



  • Arsenic accumulates in the hair tissue

  • Hair analysis is considered a valuable means of detecting arsenic toxicity.


  • Hair aluminum levels appear to correlate well with bone levels of aluminum.

  • Several hair tests may be needed before aluminum is revealed on the test.

  • This is because the aluminum may be tightly bound within body tissues, and several months on a nutrition program may be required to mobilize the aluminum.

  • Children today are commonly born with cadmium toxicity passed from mother to child via the placenta.


  • Significance in the hair is unknown


  • "...Cadmium data from blood have little diagnostic value" (Cranston & Passwater, 1983).

  • This is because cadmium is rapidly removed from the blood soon after it is ingested.

  • Blood challenge tests can detect cadmium in the blood and arteries.

  • Cadmium levels in hair show good correlation with cadmium levels in the kidneys.

  • Often, however, several months of nutritional therapy and several hair tests are required before cadmium is revealed in the hair.


High Hair Calcium:

  • usually indicates that calcium is leaving the bones and accumulating in the soft tissues of the body
  • high calcium is associated with a slow oxidation rate
  • good indicator of hidden copper toxicity
  • high calcium on a retest often means the body is eliminating excess calcium

Low Hair Calcium:

  • a low calcium level usually means calcium is being lost in the urine
  • associated with fast oxidation rate - alarm stage of stress
  • often associated with copper deficiency


High Hair Chromium:

  • a high chromium level is often indicative of a loss of chromium through the hair, and is frequently caused by an iron toxicity or another mineral imbalance problem.

Low Hair Chromium:

  • supplementing chromium when chromium reading is low, is frequently helpful in correcting symptoms of fatigue, or sugar and carbohydrate intolerance.
  • excessive iron intake is a frequent cause of both high and low chromium levels.


  • Bio-unavailable copper: Often copper status can be tricky to assess.
  • Copper may be present, but unavailable for use in the body.
  • This occurs any time adrenal gland activity is low.
  • Copper and Oxidation Type: Fast oxidizers generally are deficient in copper
  • Copper and Oxidation Type: Slow oxidizers usually have either high copper or bio-unavailable copper.
  • Hidden Copper Toxicity: Copper is often normal on hair tests, but may actually be locked in body tissues.
  • Test indicators of a hidden copper imbalance are:
    • Calcium level greater than 75 mg%
    • Potassium level less than 3 mg%
    • Sodium/potassium ratio less than 2.2:1
  • Mercury toxicity often indicates a hidden copper toxicity
  • Copper level less than 1.0 mg%
  • Zinc/copper ratio less than 6:1


·        Iron is referred to as the strength mineral

High Hair Iron:

  • often associated with feelings of anger and hostility
  • more often seen in fast oxidation
  • often associated with high aluminum levels
  • can be due to an iron loss due to destruction of body cells
  • iron toxicity can be due to iron cookware or excessive iron in drinking water

Low Hair Iron:

  • most often associated with a slow oxidation rate
  • common to see iron levels around 1.0 mg%
  • low hair iron does not necessarily indicate anemia
  • low iron often seen with symptoms of fatigue
  • taking iron tablets will not necessarily raise iron levels


  •  Children can also be born with elevated lead, passed through the placenta from their mothers.

  • Diets deficient in calcium, magnesium, or iron increase lead absorption


  • Lithium appears to lower sodium levels. This would correlate with the research by A. Frazier.
  • The meaning of hair lithium levels is a topic of research.


High Hair Magnesium:

  • often associated with a SLOW oxidation rate, fatigue and depression.
  • a high magnesium level often indicates that magnesium is being lost through the hair, resulting in deficiency symptoms such as anxiety and hyper-irritability.

Low Hair Iron:

  • often associated with a FAST oxidation rate, anxiety, irritability and high-strung personality.


·        Manganese is called the maternal mineral because manganese-deficient animals cease to care for their young.

High Hair Manganese:

  • May be due to manganese toxicity derived from drinking water containing excessively high levels of manganese.

Low Hair Manganese:

  • Low hair manganese levels are extremely common. However, if the manganese level is below .03 mg% it is considered very low.
  • Low manganese usually correlates with slow oxidation and low energy levels.


About The Detection Of Mercury Toxicity in MTMA

  • Both blood and hair have been used to detect mercury poisoning.
  • In one study, hair levels generally correlated with blood levels.
  • Hair levels are about 300 times higher than blood levels.
  • Copper toxicity and zinc deficiency are often associated with mercury toxicity.


  • Molybdenum is a powerful copper antagonist.
  • Most copper antagonists such as zinc displace copper.
  • A unique property of molybdenum is that it binds or complexes directly with copper and facilitates its removal.
  • This enables copper to be removed from the body without the common side effects that often occur with copper removal.
  • Another reason for this action is that molybdenum raises sodium, offsetting the sodium-lowering effect that occurs when copper is eliminated.
  • Molybdenum absorption is antagonized by copper, sulfur, methionine and a high-protein diet.
  • Molybdenum metabolism is antagonized by manganese, zinc and at times sulfur.


High Hair Phosphorus:

  • An elevated phosphorus level is frequently indicative of excessive protein breakdown of body tissues.
  • As proteins break down, phosphorus is released.
  • Phosphorus levels may increase temporarily as toxic metals are being eliminated in the course of a nutrition program.
  • Very high phosphorus (greater than 25 mg%) can indicate a serious metabolic disturbance.

Pubic hair samples often show elevated phosphorus readings. This is a characteristic of pubic hair.

Low Hair Phosphorus:

  • A low phosphorus level is frequently associated with inadequate protein synthesis.
  • Although most diets are adequate in phosphorus, those on low-protein diets or vegetarians may have a low phosphorus intake.
  • Zinc is required for protein synthesis.
  • Often a low phosphorus level is associated with a zinc deficiency, cadmium toxicity, or zinc loss.
  • When these imbalances are corrected, the phosphorus level improves.
  • A low phosphorus level may be due to poor digestion or assimilation of protein.
  • This may be due to digestive enzyme deficiency, low hydrochloric acid level, or other factors.


  • Potassium is known as the follow-through mineral.
  • Hair must not be washed at the laboratory to obtain accurate potassium readings.

High Hair Potassium:

  • indicates high sugar and glucocorticoid levels.
  • very high potassium can be a potassium loss due to excessive breakdown of body cells.

Low Hair Potassium:

  • indicates adrenal gland exhaustion.
  • very low potassium is associated with allergies, fatigue, low blood sugar, sweet cravings, and low blood pressure.


High Hair Selenium:

  • can be due to the use of shampoos containing selenium
  • may indicate a loss of selenium through the hair

Low Hair Selenium:

  • may be due to dietary deficiency, which is relatively common, especially among those who eat refined foods

Why Do Selenium Supplementation?

  • Selenium may be given to help prevent or correct cadmium, mercury, or arsenic toxicity.
  • Selenium is an anti-oxidant and may be given to help protect against free radical damage.
  • Note that excessive selenium supplementation may be toxic (RDA 200 – 400 mcg daily).
  • In addition, there is extensive research presently being conducted on the functions of selenium and iodine with regard to thyroid function and it is becoming clear that there is an interaction between the two that should be noted.


  • Sodium is referred to as the volatility mineral

Low Hair Sodium:

  • excellent indicator of impaired adrenal gland activity
  • very low sodium is indicative of exhaustion
  • hair must not be washed at the laboratory for accurate readings

High Hair Sodium:

  • indicative of excessive adrenal gland activity
  • often indicates excitability and fast oxidation
  • sodium levels can be elevated by toxic metals, especially cadmium


·        Zinc is considered a "masculine" mineral, because of its importance in the formation of male sexual hormones.

High Hair Zinc:

  • An elevated zinc level is commonly due to a loss of zinc from the body tissues.
  • In these cases, zinc supplements will often be recommended.
  • Zinc levels may appear high to help compensate for copper toxicity.
  • Thus high zinc can be a tipoff of a hidden copper toxicity.
  • Use of Head and Shoulders shampoo occasionally results in an elevated zinc reading.
  • Cadmium toxicity can cause a zinc reading to appear high.

Low Hair Zinc:

  • Zinc will often read low if the sodium/potassium ratio is less than 2.5:1.
  • In this case, it is not always wise to give much zinc.
  • Zinc is commonly low in "fast" oxidizers.
  • Very low zinc levels are often associated with emotional instability and with problems of growth and development in children.


How To Take A Hair Sample
(48 seconds)


Getting Your Hair Sample for Mineral Analysis
(5:28 minutes)


What Is Hair Analysis? How Is It Different from Other Tests?
(16:53 minutes)


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